3. LITTLEJOHN & STEEDMAN

Perthshire & Kinross: 1680–1880

On the previous page, we traced the Howie family as it flourished in the North Ayrshire parish of Kilwinning. Eventually Margaret Howie was to marry Gabriel [3] Galt and move to the Glasgow metropolis.  In 1843, their son Gabriel [4] married Helen Littlejohn and her family had come to Glasgow from Perthshire, and had roots that included families in Kinross-shire.


N.B. — Throughout this text, all of Robyn’s direct ancestors are marked in purple. All blue text [inside brackets] represents additional information or corrections, and did not form part of the original documents. Copies of the original birth, death, marriage and census records are held by me and stored in the Cloud, and can be made available to interested parties.  When reproducing the baptismal and marriage entries below, I have kept the original archaic spellings and text, and also laid them out to reflect how they appear in the parish records.


(a) STEEDMAN & CHAPMAN of Kinross & Fife

Helen Littejohn’s paternal grandmother was Anna Steedman, and her ancestors stretch back confidently to the births of Robyn’s 7g-grandparents, Robert Steedman and Bessie Bennet. Bessie came first:

1673 SCOTLAND O.P.R. BAPTISMS: Parish of Culross, Perthshire [Fife] 1Source: BENNET, Bessie; 1673 Scotland O.P.R. Baptisms; 343/ 10 240; Culross, Perthshire [now Fife].

Jun | 27 | Henry Bennet & Bessie McFarland a daur called Bessie
                  & bap. July 6 wit Jo Curran & J. McCellan

Culross is a coastal town on the northern banks of the Firth of Forth, about 5 km (3 miles) east of Kincardine. Prior to 1891, this town and its parish were in Perthshire, but the area became part of Fife after that. In 1677, Bessie’s future husband was born 20 km (~12 miles) north-east at Wester Cockairney, in Kinross-shire:

1677 SCOTLAND O.P.R. BAPTISMS: Parish of Kinross, Kinross-shire 2Source: STEEDMAN, Robert; 1677 Scotland O.P.R. Baptisms; 462/ 10 5; Kinross, Kinross-shire.

June 12  John [1] Steidman tennant in wester Courairney had ane Son whose name is
              Robert, witness Martine Meldrome & John Hutton tennants in Wester Courairnay

Unusually for Kirk records, the mother’s name is missing. Some other genealogies give the mother as ‘Patricia Meldrum’, and John’s parents as ‘James Steedman’ and ‘Margaret Hutton’, and given the names the witnesses, this may well be possible. However, without other evidence, we can’t as yet confirm these for our tree. We did find a younger brother, Peter, who was born in 1679 at the same place, and that’s all we know at present (more research required here). Nonetheless, Robert and Bessie were both living close to Loch Leven when they married in 1703:

1703 SCOTLAND O.P.R. MARRIAGES: Parish of Kinross, Kinross-shire 3Source: STEEDMAN, Robert & BENNET, Bessie; 1703 Scotland O.P.R. Marriages; 462/ 10 98; Kinross, Kinross-shire.

          Robert Steedman Son to John [1] Steedman Meal =
= maker in Kinross and Bessie Bennet in Bridge of
Gairny both in this Parish gave up their names to be pro =
= claimed in order to marriage May 15 1703. James Simson
Weaver in Kinross Caūr. for ye man. Henry Bennet in the
Bridge of Gairney Caūr. for ye Woman.
                                       They gave to ye poor – – 01-09-00

So, Robert was a “mealmaker”, which was someone who prepared and sold oats, and the Bennets were living at the Bridge of Gairney, which is also close by Loch Leven.  “Caūr.” is an abbreviation for “cautioner”, which, in Scots law, is a surety or “sponsor” — Bessie’s father seems to have stood sponsor for her. This couple had five children at Kinross, and they included a set of twins: Elizabeth (1706); John [2] (1708); Agnes & Barbara (1711); and Bessy (1714).

John [2] Steedman grew up to become a weaver at Kinross, and must have married an Anne Robertson somewhere around 1734  — but no record of their marriage has been found after extensive searches. We know this couple married, because they had 10 children at Kinross, and all baptismal records give Anne as “his wife”. Of their children, two were unnamed, so presumably these died close to birth and were baptised for their ‘souls’.  Another two would have died relatively young, as their names were reused for later children, and one of those had a twin. Kinross parish records reveal these baptisms for John [2] and Anne: Janet (1734); James (1736); Euphan (i) (1738); Mary & John (i) (1743); Unnamed (i) (1745); Unnamed (ii) (1746); Anne (1747); John (ii) [3] (1749); and Euphan (ii) (1755).  The son John here is numbered (ii) [3], because he was the second child in his immediate family to bear that name, and he was the third “John Steedman” in Robyn’s direct line — but hereafter, I’ll just call him John [3], and here’s his baptismal record:

1749 SCOTLAND O.P.R. BAPTISMS: Parish of Kinross, Kinross-shire 4Source: STEEDMAN, John (ii) [3]; 1749 Scotland O.P.R. Births; 462/ 20 202; Kinross, Kinross-shire.

       John [2] Steedman weaver here and Anne
Robertson his wife had a Child born 3d October
1749 baptized the same day, John [3]

Like his father, John [3] became a weaver and we know he married — but, again, we have found no record of that marriage in any parish. His wife was to be Mary Chapman, and she was born about 12 km (~8 miles) east at a place called Milldeans, in the Parish of Kinglassie. Mary (Robyn’s 6g-grandmother) was the eldest of six children to a George Chapman, but none of their baptismal records mention the mother, or give any additional information about the father. The children were: Mary (1750); David (i) (Apr 1754); Kathrine (Dec 1754); George (1756); David (ii) (1759); and Christian (1763). Here’s Mary’s very brief mention in the parish register of  births and baptisms:

1750 SCOTLAND O.P.R. BAPTISMS: Parish of Kinglassie, Fife-shire 5Source: CHAPMAN, Mary; 1750 Scotland O.P.R. Baptisms; 440/ 20 120; Kinglassie, Fife-shire.

Octr. 14th | Bap: Mary daughter to George Chapman in Milndeans

And despite no entry in the register for the marriage of John [3] Steedman and Mary Chapman, we have the baptisms for their six children — the first three were at Kinross, the next three at Loanhead on Colton: John (1773); Beatrix (1775); Anna (1777); Agnes (1780); Mary (1782); and Christian (1785). Each of these baptisms was to reveal something interesting about the religious affiliations of this family — here’s Ann Steedman’s birth record:

1777 SCOTLAND O.P.R. BAPTISMS: Parish of Kinross, Kinross-shire 6Source: STEEDMAN, Anna; 1777 Scotland O.P.R. Baptisms; 462/ 20 354; Kinross, Kinross-shire.

Anna daur. of John Steedman weaver
Kinross by Mary Chapman his wife
born on the 16 day of April and baptized
on the sabbath the 20 same month by
Mr Shirra from Linkton of Abbotshall
in the burger meeting house here.

High Street, Kinross, c.1890.

Don’t panic!  John and Mary didn’t baptise their children at an 18th-century McDonald’s Restaurant! The “Burghers”  (proper spelling) were part of the Scottish Church that upheld the lawfulness of the ‘Burgher Oath’, as opposed to the breakaway ‘Anti-Burghers’. This Oath required holders of public offices to affirm approval of the religion “presently professed in this kingdom’. The issue was civil compulsion in religious affairs, a forerunner of later arguments over the separation of church and state. Anna’s baptism was officiated by the quite famously eccentric minister, Robert Shirra. He was the first minister of the Secession Church, and minister of the Burgher Church at Abbotshall in Kirkcaldy from 1750. 

When Anna Steedman was 18, she was to marry Robert Littlejohn, and his family’s religious leanings were not the same as her family’s — but, let’s examine his ancestry before we marry them off.

(b) Smitten & Barnet of Auchterarder

We’ve just been looking at Helen Littejohn’s lineage on her maternal grandmother’s side. Her paternal grandfather was Robert Littlejohn, and the earliest record we have for his ancestors is the birth of Robyn’s 7g-grandfather, Patrick Smitton. His birth gives us the names of his parents, who are Robyn’s 8g-grandparents:

1680 SCOTLAND O.P.R. BAPTISMS: Parish of Auchterarder, Perthshire 7Source: SMEITTON, Patrick; 1680 Scotland O.P.R. Baptisms; 329/ 10 48; Auchterarder, Perthshire.

Aprile 10th, Andrew Smeitton had ane son baptized
called Patrick lawfullie procreat betwixt him & Jean
Binning his spouse.

Auchterarder is a small village that was stretched out along a single road in southern Perthshire, not far north of the now famous Gleneagles Golf Club.  In the 1860s, it also became the home to my 3g-grandmother, Helen McLeay.

Two views of Auchterarder, Perthshire.

The next we hear about Patrick, though, is when he married in 1710:

1710 SCOTLAND O.P.R. MARRIAGES: Parish of Auchterarder, Perthshire 8Source: SMITTEN, Patrick & BARNET, Jean; 1710 Scotland O.P.R. Marriages; 329/ 10 158; Auchterarder, Perthshire.

Patrick Smitten and Janet Barnet both Parishioners were
listed for Proclamation Septr 30th they were orderly proclaimed
and November 9th were married

 As usual with these old records, spelling was very fluid. Searches for the birth of Janet Barnet came up with six clear possibilities, but we have no way of identifying which of these was our ‘Janet’ . There’s nothing much we know about this couple, but they had at least three children at East Kirkton, just a short distance to the north the village: Andrew (1711); Margaret (1713); and, importantly, Catherine (1716):

1716 SCOTLAND O.P.R. BAPTISMS: Parish of Auchterarder, Perthshire 9Source: SMITTON, Catharine; 1716 Scotland O.P.R. Baptisms; 329/ 10 190; Auchterarder, Perthshire.

June | 29th 1716 Catharine Daughter to Patrick Smitton and Janet Barnet
           in Eastkirktown was baptized.

Catherine was just 16 when she married Alexander Littlejohn, introducing us for the first time to that branch of the family. We have never found a birth record for Alexander, so we know nothing more about his ‘Littlejohn’  ancestry — but he married Catherine in 1732:

1732 SCOTLAND O.P.R. MARRIAGES: Parish of Auchterarder, Perthshire 10Source: LITTLEJOHN, Alexander & SMITTON, Catherine; 1732 Scotland O.P.R. Marriages; 329/ 10 349; Auchterarder, Perthshire.

June 21st Alexr Littlejohn and Catharine Smitton both in this parish were
listed to be proclaimed in order to marriage and this being orderly done they were
married on the 20th July Jajviic and thirty two years.

“Jajvijc” is old Scottish handwriting ‘vernacular’ for the Roman numerals i m vii c, translating as 1700. Alexander and Catherine were to have at least five children over the next 13 years, but all were born on farms about 7 km (~4 miles) to the east and south-east of Auchterarder: David (1733, at Nether Strathy); Richard [1] (1735, at Nether Strathy); Robert (1738, at Nether Strathy); Janet (1741, at Knowes), and James (1745, at Knowes) — the last being born less than six months before Bonnie Prince Charlie’s Jacobite Rebellion. Richard [1] (not to be confused with King Richard the Lionheart, born 578 years earlier), was baptised at Auchterarder:

1735 SCOTLAND O.P.R. BAPTISMS: Parish of Auchterarder, Perthshire 11Source: LITTLEJOHN, Richard [1]; 1735 Scotland O.P.R. Baptisms; 329/ 10 381; Auchterarder, Perthshire.

Richard son to Alexander Littlejohn and Catharine Smitton in Nether Strathy
         was baptised the 1st of June Jajvjic [1700] and thirty five years

His future wife, though, came from further north.

(c) Richard [1] Littlejohn & Janet Dick

5g-grandparents

While the Smitton family was evolving in and around Auchterarder, we had another branch forming over 30 km (18 miles) to the north-east. Balgraydykes and Legertlaw were farms in the shadow of Shakespeare’s ‘Dunsinane Hill’ (Macbeth, the “Scottish Play”), and it was here that David Dick had at least eight children. Sadly, none of the baptismal records for his offspring gave the mother’s name, so we only have the father and the children — the first two were born at Balgraydykes, the remainder at Legertlaw: David (1738); Euphan (1739); Agnes (1741); George (i) (1743); Janet (1745); Margaret (1747); Grizal (1750); George (ii) (1753). The one we’re most interested in, of course, is Janet, born just a month after the start of the Jacobite Rebellion:

1745 SCOTLAND O.P.R. BAPTISMS: Parish of Cargill, Perthshire 12Source: DICK, Janet; 1745 Scotland O.P.R. Baptisms; 338/ 10 93; Cargill, Perthshire.

Septbr 22 | Baptis’d Janet Daūr to David Dick in Lidgertlaw

Like her siblings, Janet’s baptismal entry doesn’t tell us much, but we do have a father and a place, so we’re grateful for small pickings. She was just twenty when she married Richard [1] Littlejohn, who was ten years her senior, and we find out a little more about him:

1732 SCOTLAND O.P.R. MARRIAGES: Parish of Forgandenny, Perthshire 13Source: LITTLEJOHN, Alexander & SMITTON, Catherine; 1732 Scotland O.P.R. Marriages; 329/ 10 349; Auchterarder, Perthshire.

        ———Febry 8th.———
Richard [1] Littlejohn wright in
Ardargie and Janet Dick in the
parish of Orwell gave up their names
for proclamation in order to marriage
and being proclaimed the three sub-
sequent Sabbaths, were married on
Wednesday the Twentieth sixth Instant.

Orwell was the parish immediately south of Forgandenny, and takes in Pathstruie Hill.  ‘Ardargie Mains’ was a small hamlet about 3 km (2 miles) south of Forgandenny and 5 km (3 miles) north of Pathstruie, and all in the area about 15 km (9 miles) west of Auchterarder. A “wright” was a skilled craftsman in wood work. We only know of three children from this marriage, and all were born at Ardargie and baptised at Pathstruie: Alexander (1766); Robert (1768); and Margaret (1772). Robert is Robyn’s 4g-grandfather, and his baptism, like his future wife’s (Ann Steedman), tells a story:

1768 SCOTLAND O.P.R. BAPTISMS: Parish of Forgandenny, Perthshire 14Source: LITTLEJOHN, Robert; 1768 Scotland O.P.R. Baptisms; 353/ 10 433; Forgandenny, Perthshire.

April 24th 1788
Richard [1] Littlejohn Wright in Ardargie
and Janet Dick his wife had a son bap-
tized by Mr. Reid, Antiburgher Minr. at the
Path of Strouiehill that was born on Fryday
the Twenty Second Currt. named Robert

So, whereas Anna Steedman (see Chapter (a), above) was baptised by a ‘Burgher’ minister, her future husband was baptised by an ‘Anti-Burgher’ one! These ‘Anti-Burghers’ were opponents of the Burgher Oath on theological grounds, and showed a distinctive independence of conviction and an unwillingness to compromise over sincerely held beliefs. The Burgher and Anti-Burgher factions had thus formed rival and independent synods. So, how was this going to work out when Ann Steedman and Robert Littlejohn got married and had children?

LEFT: Illustration of the old church at Forgandenny                         —                 RIGHT: Forgandenny Church in 2016.

(d) Robert Littlejohn & Ann Steedman

4g-grandparents

When Ann married Robert Littlejohn at Kinross, she had been living in Newburgh Parish, which was 25 km (~15 miles) to the north-east of Kinross on the south shire of the Firth of Tay — she was also five months pregnant, but we don’t find them being dragged in front of the Kirk Session in either parish.

1796 SCOTLAND O.P.R. MARRIAGES: Parish of Kinross, Kinross-shire 15Source: LITTLEJOHN, Alexander & SMITTON, Catherine; 1732 Scotland O.P.R. Marriages; 329/ 10 349; Auchterarder, Perthshire.

Robert Littlejohn in this & Ann Steedman
in Newburgh parish 10 April 1mo.

This couple were to have seven children, and we can work out a little bit about their lives through the baptismal records. The first four children were born at Kinross. Robert was identified as a ‘weaver’ in the births of the first two of those, then as a ‘vintner’ (wine merchant) for the next two. The last three children were all born in Glasgow, where he seemed to be working as a ‘weaver’ again. They would have moved to Glasgow between 1802 and 1808. Their children were: Richard [2] (1796, at Kinross); John (i) (1798, at Kinross); Mary (1800, at Kinross); Robert (1802, at Kinross); Alexander (1800, at Glasgow); James (1811, at Glasgow); and  John (ii) (1815, at Gorbals). The other interesting thing we learn from the first four births is that they were all baptised by Mr. Kay, a minister to the ‘Burgher congregation’ at Kinross — it seems that Robert did not continue with his parents’ adherence to the ‘Anti-Burgher’ faction. Our line continued through their first-born:

1796 SCOTLAND O.P.R. BAPTISMS: Parish of Kinross, Kinross-shire 16Source: LITTLEJOHN, Richard [2]; 1796 Scotland O.P.R. Baptisms; 462/ 30 173; Kinross, Kinross-shire.

Richard [2] son of Robert Littlejohn weaver in
Kinross by Ann Steedman his wife
was born on the 1st. & baptd on Sab: the 7th
Augt. in the burger congregation by Mr Kay

(e) Richard [2] Littlejohn & Margaret Fleming

3g-grandparents

After Robert and Ann moved to Glasgow, we start to move the family into the age of statutory records for births, deaths and marriages (from 1855), and the decennial census (from 1841). As we cannot find either in the 1841 census, it’s likely they had both passed on by this time, and would have been respectively 72 and 63 if they had died just before the census. However, their son Richard [2], married a Margaret Fleming around 1816, and once again, we have no record of this marriage. However, they were to have ten children between 1817 and 1840, all in either the Gorbals or Tradeston in Glasgow, and we did find Margaret’s birth in Renfrewshire:

1801 SCOTLAND O.P.R. BAPTISMS: Parish of Paisley, Renfrewshire 17Source: FLEMING, Margaret; 1801 Scotland O.P.R. Births; 573/ 1 10 238; Paisley, Renfrewshire.

                       March
Margaret DL of Peter Fleming by Mary
Simm born 27 bapt. 30 Inst.

Nothing has ever been found about her parents, but at least we have their names. All but two of her children’s baptisms were found in the records, and unfortunately, Helen Littlejohn was not one of those: Agnes (1817, at Gorbals); Anne (1820, at Gorbals); Robert (i) (1822, at Tradeston); Helen (c.1824, at Tradeston); Robert Lawson (1826, at Tradeston); Janet (1828, at Tradeston); Richard (i) (1832, at Glasgow); James (1835, at Glasgow); Richard (ii) (1828, at Gorbals); and Mary (c.1840, at Glasgow).

Not all of these children lived to adulthood. Robert (i) was buried at the Gorbals on 4 October 1822; he was five months old. His brother James was also buried at the Gorbals in 1835, and Richard (i) had also died before 1836, though no record of this has been found. However, we find most of the family living in Ann Street, Milton, in 1841:

1841 SCOTLAND CENSUS: Ann Street, Milton, Glasgow, County 18Source: LITTLEJOHN, Richard [2]; 1841 Scotland Census; 622/ 224/ 21; Milton, Glasgow.

Richard [2] Littlejohn; 40; Cotton Power-loom Tenter; born not in Lanarkshire
Margaret Littlejohn [Fleming]; 40; born not in Lanarkshire
Ann Littlejohn; 40; Cotton Power-loom Weaver; born Lanarkshire
Helen Littlejohn; 15; Cotton Power-loom Weaver; born Lanarkshire
Robert Littlejohn; 15; MS [male servant]; born Lanarkshire
Janet Littlejohn; 11; Cotton Power-loom Weaver; born Lanarkshire
Richard Littlejohn; 4; born Lanarkshire
Mary Littlejohn; 2; born Lanarkshire

The eldest daughter, Agnes (23), was not at home, and perhaps was working elsewhere, or even married, or deceased — but we have no record of her. Richard was working as a “tenter”, a mechanic that fixed power looms in the cotton factories, and three of his daughters were working as power-loom weavers, perhaps in the same factory as their father. 

The Clyde Canal at Port Dundas, Milton, Glasgow.

We have only two events to report for this family before the 1851 census. The first was the marriage of daughter Helen to Gabriel [4] Galt in 1843 — but we will leave that to the final chapter where we start to combine the various strands of the family (Galt, Howie, Littlejohn, Barr and McColl) into the one. Secondly, in March 1844, daughter Ann married James Buchanan, an iron planer, at Port Dundas. By 1851, the family had moved from Milton more than a kilometre south towards the Clyde, and it was a very different looking home:

1851 SCOTLAND CENSUS: 202 Holm Street, Blythswood, Glasgow 19Source: LITTLEJOHN, Richard [2]; 1851 Scotland Census; 622/ 89/ 8; Barony, Glasgow.

Richard [2] Littlejohn; 54; Cotton Weaver; born Kinross, Kinross-shire
Margaret Littlejohn [Fleming]; 52; born Paisley, Renfrewshire
Mary Littlejohn; Daur.; Unm; 10; born Glasgow, Lanarkshire
John McMillan; Lodger; Unm; 14; Ap. Grocer; born Kippen, Stirlingshire

This was to be the last census for Richard [2] and, because there is no record of his death in the statutory records, we can presume he died before 1855. Margaret, however, was to live on till 1877, and we find her in 1861 lodging with her married daughter Anne Buchanan:

1861 SCOTLAND CENSUS: 21 Brown Street, St George, Glasgow 20Source: LITTLEJOHN, Margaret  [Fleming]; 1861 Scotland Census; 644/ 7 82/ 10; St George, Glasgow.

James Buchanan; Head; Mar; 42; Iron Moulder; born Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Ann Buchanan [Littlejohn]; Wife; Mar; 42; born Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Elizabeth Buchanan; Daur.; 11; born Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Ann Buchanan; Daur.; 9; born Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Margaret Buchanan; Daur.; 5; born Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Edward Buchanan; Son; 3; born Glasgow, Lanarkshire
James Buchanan; Son; 1; born Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Margaret Littlejohn [Fleming]; Lodger; Widow; 60; Silk Winder; born Paisley, Renfrewshire

Brown Street is very close to where the family had been living in 1841, around 100 yards from the old Glasgow connection of Clyde Canal. Unfortunately, the son-in-law James Buchanan was to die of lung disease just eight months after this census; he was only 42, and left Ann and her mother to provide for his family. In 1871, Margaret and Ann were still living more or less in the same area close by the Clyde Canal:

1871 SCOTLAND CENSUS: 50/20 Lyon Street, St George, Glasgow 21Source: LITTLEJOHN, Margaret F.; 1871 Scotland Census; 644/ 7 44/ 9; St George, Glasgow.

Ann Buchanan [Littlejohn]; Head; Widow; 50; Power Loom Weaver; born Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Margaret Buchanan; Daur.; 14; Power Loom Weaver; born Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Edward Buchanan; Son; 13; born Glasgow, Lanarkshire
James Buchanan; Son; 11; Imbecile from birth; born Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Margaret Littlejohn [Fleming]; Lodger; Widow; 60; Silk Winder; born Paisley, Renfrewshire
Ann Rankin; Grand Daur.; 3; born Glasgow, Lanarkshire

This Lyon Street address was to stay part of the family for several years. Helen Littlejohn was to die there in 1873 (see her story here), and her son Robert was there for the 1901 census and his death in that same year. I have not been able to trace the daughter Ann any further than this census, and we know nothing more about Margaret Fleming until she died in 1877:

1877 SCOTLAND STATUTORY DEATHS: Dennistoun, Glasgow 22Source: LITTLEJOHN, Margaret [Fleming]; 1877 Scotland Statutory Deaths; 644/ 3 416; Dennistoun, Glasgow.

Margaret Littlejohn, Widow of Richard [2] Littlejohn
died: 10th March 1877  (9:15 am)   age: 83  [75]  years
at: Barnhill Poorhouse, near Glasgow

father: [not recorded – Peter Fleming]
mother: [not recorded – Margaret Simm]

cause: Debility    doctor: William Core, M.D.
informant: Jno. Pettifrew  Ast. Gov.

Barnhill Poorhouse was in the north-east of Glasgow, not far from Sighthill Cemetery where some of this family now rest. It was noted as a fairly harsh institution in its time where strict discipline was observed. For example, able-bodied inmates were required to make up 350 bundles of firewood per day, and stone-breakers were expected to break 5 cwt. per day. Inmates not producing the stated amounts were put on a bread and water diet in solitary confinement for 12 hours. Disorderly conduct, such as swearing or breaking of rules, resulted in being put on a diet, excluding milk and buttermilk, for a period of three days. Not a happy place, I would suspect. Margaret died here without any of her family to speak for her, and the Poorhouse staff could not even provide her parents’ names for her death certificate, nor get her age correct.

However, we now need to move to the next chapter to follow two important branches of this family (Barr & McColl), and we will catch up with Helen Littlejohn in the final chapter.

Looking north-east towards Barnhill Poorhouse, opened in 1853 and noted for its harsh conditions. Margaret Littlejohn nee Fleming died here in 1877.

 

This chart shows our families from Perthshire, Kinross-shire and Fife: Littlejohn, Smitton (Smyton), and Dick. It also shows the Fleming family of Renfrewshire.


 

This chart shows the Steedman family of Kinross, and the Chapman family of Fife.


See the relevant maps (maps open in new browser tabs):


References[+]


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